Faktor Determinan Pendapatan Usahatani Karet di Desa Simpang Heran Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir, Sumatera Selatan

Erni Purbiyanti, EP and Eka Mulyana, EM (2016) Faktor Determinan Pendapatan Usahatani Karet di Desa Simpang Heran Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir, Sumatera Selatan. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang. ISBN 978-979-8389-21-4

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      Abstract

      ABSTRACT Wetland conversion from the use of paddy to non-paddy fields have a huge opportunity cost. It consists of the declining in rice production (both locally and nationally) that indirectly would reduce the contribution of the agricultural sector in the regional gross domestic product (GDP) and the decreasing the growth rate of labor absorption in agricultural sector. The aim of study is to analyze factors that affect the income of rubber farming. The location determined purposively, with the consideration that there were many paddy farmers converted their rainfed into rubber farming in Simpang Heran village. The data was conducted in June 2015. The research method was a survey with an incidental sampling method. The sample included 30 farmers who converted their rainfed from rice farming into rubber farming. The data processed by a multiple regression analysis. The result indicates that rubber farming income was influenced significantly by rubber price, the cost of the bowl, dummy of land size, dummy of education, and dummy of farming experience; with their effect of 91% to the income. Keywords: conversion, factor determinant, income, raifed, rubber farming. ABSTRAK Konversi lahan sawah ke penggunaan non sawah mempunyai opportunity cost yang sangat besar, diantaranya adalah penurunan produksi beras lokal/nasional yang secara tidak langsung akan mengurangi kontribusi sektor pertanian dalam produk domestik regional bruto (PDRB) dan penurunan laju pertumbuhan daya serap tenaga kerja sektor pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan usahatani karet. Penentuan lokasi penelitian ini dilakukan secara sengaja, dengan pertimbangan bahwa petani padi sawah tadah hujan di Desa Simpang Heran banyak mengalih-fungsikan lahan sawah tadah hujannya menjadi usahatani karet. Pengambilan data dilaksanakan pada bulan Juni 2015. Metode penelitian adalah survei, dengan metode penarikan contoh menggunakan metode insidentil. Sampel berjumlah 30 petani. Pengolahan data menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan usahatani karet dipengaruhi secara signifikan oleh harga karet, biaya mangkok, dummy luas garapan, dummy pendidikan, dan dummy pengalaman usahatani; dengan pengaruh sebesar 91%. Kata kunci: faktor determinan, karet, konversi, pendapatan, tadah hujan.

      Item Type: Book
      Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
      Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Agricultural Socioeconomics
      Depositing User: S.P, M.Si Erni Purbiyanti
      Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2016 14:53
      Last Modified: 23 Oct 2016 14:53
      URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/6878

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