Polyvinylidene Fluoride Hollow Fiber Membranes for Refinery Wastewater Treatment: Effect of Air Gap Length on Membrane Morphology and Performance

Yuliwati, Erna and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Mohruni, Amrifan Saladin and Matsuura, T (2013) Polyvinylidene Fluoride Hollow Fiber Membranes for Refinery Wastewater Treatment: Effect of Air Gap Length on Membrane Morphology and Performance. In: The 11th International Conference on Membrane Science & Technology, 27-29 August 2013, Kuala Lumpur.

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    Abstract

    Abstract Effects of air gap length on outer surface morphology and filtration performance of hydrophilic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane have been studied. Porous asymmetric hydrophilic PVDF membranes were prepared via a phase inversion method, using N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) as solvent, lithium chloride monohydrate (LiCl.H2O) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) as inorganic additives. Submerged membrane ultrafiltration was conducted using non-ionic solutes of different molecular weight and refinery wastewater with constant suspended solid concentration. The comparison of the performance and morphology was conducted between PVDF membranes of different air gap length at 1, 4, 11, and 15 cm. The prepared membranes were characterizedthrough observations of field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), permeate flux measurement, and tensile property test.Average pore size and surface porosity were calculated by the permeate flux in submerged membrane system. It is resulted that the permeate flux is mainly determined by effective porosity.Moreover, the average pore size and nodules size were increased, while outer surface membrane was being smoother with increasing of air gap length. AFM analysis reveals that the air gap introduces an elongation stress due to the gravity on the membrane surface. Under the air gap length of 11 cm, high permeate flux of 148.53 L/m2h and suspended solids removal of 99.82 % and also relatively high mechanical strength of membrane can be simultaneously achieved. It is concluded that there exists the best range of the air gap length for relatively high performance of membrane Keywords: air gap length; roughness; pore size; porosity; flux.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    T Technology > TP Chemical technology
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
    Depositing User: Dipl.-Ing. Ir. PhD. Amrifan Saladin Mohruni
    Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2016 12:44
    Last Modified: 07 Apr 2016 12:44
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/6362

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