Anomalous oceanic conditions in the tropical Indian Ocean during 2006 as revealed by multi-satellite sensors

Iskandar, Iskhaq (2009) Anomalous oceanic conditions in the tropical Indian Ocean during 2006 as revealed by multi-satellite sensors. Journal of Marine Research in Indonesia, 34 (2). pp. 63-70. ISSN 0079-0435

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    Abstract

    A positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) took place in the tropical Indian Ocean during 2006. The evolution of this event started in July 2006 and intensified during August 2006. It was indicated by negative sea surface temperature anomalies, lower than normal sea level and suppressed convection in the southeastern equatorial Indian Ocean in contrast to western counterpart. Peak negative SST anomalies exceeding 1 degree C were observed in the eastern basin during September-November coinciding with anomalous easterly winds along the equator and strong southeasterly winds along the coast of Sumatra and Java. The expression of this positive IOD was also seen in other physical variables: negative sea surface height anomalies of about 30 cm and negative rainfall anomalies exceeding 8 mm/day were observed in the eastern basin. The event was terminated in December 2006 mainly due to warming of the eastern pole. The magnitude of this event determined by the east-west temperature gradient across the tropical Indian Ocean was the third largest in the last 30 years, after 1997 and 1994 events.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Sea surface temperature; Anomalies; Satellites; Indian Ocean
    Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
    Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences > Department of Physics
    Depositing User: Dr. Iskhaq Iskandar
    Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2015 08:48
    Last Modified: 02 Feb 2015 08:48
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/5104

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