Surface and Subsurface Oceanic Variability Observed in the Eastern Equatorial Indian Ocean During Three Consecutive Indian Ocean Dipole Events: 2006-2008

Iskandar, Iskhaq and Affandi, Azhar Kholik and Setiabudidaya, Dedi and Syamsuddin, Fadli (2013) Surface and Subsurface Oceanic Variability Observed in the Eastern Equatorial Indian Ocean During Three Consecutive Indian Ocean Dipole Events: 2006-2008. AIP Conference Proceedings.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (1283Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    8-year and 4-year long velocity time series records from the equatorial Indian Ocean successfully captured, for the first time, complete evolution of subsurface currents associated with three consecutive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) events in 2006 –2008. It is found that strong eastward subsurface zonal currents in the layer between about 90 m and 150 m were observed, which were opposite to the normal conditions. Vertical structure of the zonal currents resembles that of the typical zonal currents in the equatorial Pacific with an eastward subsurface current lies beneath the surface westward currents. This vertical structure of the zonal currents was associated with anomalous easterly winds along the equatorial Indian Ocean during the maturing phase of the IOD events. In addition, subsurface temperature structures obtained from RAMA buoy network show negative temperature anomalies preceded the surface temperature evolution associated with the IOD events. The negative subsurface temperature anomaly lasted for several months before it changes into positive anomaly as the IOD terminated. The surface temperature structure indicated by the Dipole Mode Index (DMI) revealed that the 2006 IOD was a strong event, while the 2007 and 2008 events were weaker and short-lived events. The evolution of the IOD events were linked to the dynamics of oceanic equatorial wave. It is found that upwelling equatorial Kelvin waves forced by anomalous easterly wind stress play an important role in generating cooling tendency during the development and maturing phase of the IOD events. The demise of the IOD events, on the other hand, was linked to eastern-boundary-reflected Rossby waves that terminated the cooling tendency in the eastern Indian Ocean induced by the wind-forced Kelvin waves. Weakening of the zonal heat advection, then, provided a favor condition for the surface heat flux to warm the sea surface temperature in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Indian Ocean Dipole, Kelvin wave, RAMA buoy, Rossby wave, zonal current. PACS: 29.70.Aa
    Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
    Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences > Department of Physics
    Depositing User: Dr. Iskhaq Iskandar
    Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2015 08:48
    Last Modified: 02 Feb 2015 08:48
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/5100

    Actions (login required)

    View Item