Composition Variation Effect of Rice Straw and Coconut Shell to Biobriquette Characteristics as Alternative Fuel

Yerizam , Muhammad and Faizal, Muhammad and Marsi, Marsi and Novia, Novia (2013) Composition Variation Effect of Rice Straw and Coconut Shell to Biobriquette Characteristics as Alternative Fuel. In: International Conference Chemical Engineering on Science and Application 2013 (ChESA 2013) , 18-19 September 2013 , Banda Aceh.

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    Abstract

    Rice straws are agricultural waste that have not been used by the public or farmers, they are considered as waste that no economic value, whereas rice straws have a big potential when processed into solid fuel, due to the rice straws have high content of volatile matter level so flammable, therefore rice straws used as raw materials in the manufacture of biobriquette. Biobriquette making process done by varying between rice straw and coconut due to coconut shell already has good essential in making biobriquette. Rice straw and coconut shell carbonated and then performed size reduction to 60 mesh size. Raw material analysis was conducted on moisture content, ash content, volatile matter, sulfur content, and calorific value. . The mixing charcoal and coconut rice straw with powder adhesive tapiuoka were doing with the composition of 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50. After the mixing, the products scored. Further that the analysis of products included ultimate analysis, test press, calorific value, ignition test early, the flame time of biobriquettes, and the rate of mass reduction during combustion with the best results were obtained the biobioquette variation in the composition of 50:50 with 4355 cal / gr of calorific value, 69 seconds of beginning old flame and 102 minutes of ash briquette.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
    Depositing User: Dr. Novia
    Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2014 21:22
    Last Modified: 21 Jul 2014 21:22
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/4643

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