THE SPLIT REGENCY, DEVELOPMENT INEQUALITY AND THE NUMBER OF POVERTY INTRA KABUPATEN-KOTA IN SOUTH SUMATERA PROVINCE

Azwardi, Azwardi and Lestari, Sri Rahayu Endang and Sukanto, Sukanto (2010) THE SPLIT REGENCY, DEVELOPMENT INEQUALITY AND THE NUMBER OF POVERTY INTRA KABUPATEN-KOTA IN SOUTH SUMATERA PROVINCE. Seminar Internasional (IRSA) Surabaya, Proceeding.

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    Abstract

    This research aims to analyze the split regency, inequality and poverty intra kabupaten-kota in South Sumatera. This research uses Williamson index and Klassen Typology based on PDRB data and number of poverty. Based on Klassen typology, there is movement of position in the ranking kabupaten-kota. In 1996-2001 or before split regency, Muara Enim is rapid regency, Palembang is retarded regency, Musi Rawas, OKI and Lahat is growing regency and OKU and Muba is relatively backward regency. In this period most of regency, about 42.85 percent is in third quadrant, which is rapid growth regency, about 28.57 percent is in relatively backward regency and the rest regency is retarded regency. In 2002-2007 or after split regency, the rapid growth is Palembang and Muba, the retarded regency is OKU, Muara Enim and Prabumulih. As growing regency is OKU Timur and as relatively backward regency is OKI, Lahat, Musi Rawas, Banyuasin, OKU Selatan, Ogan Ilir, Pagar Alam and Lubuk Linggau. In this period about 57.14 percent is in the position relatively backward regency, where about 62.5 percent of this is the split regency. During 1996-2001 based on PDRB oil-gas, the inequality intra regency by excluding Palembang (IW average = 0.514) tend to increase, if we compare the index by including Palembang (IW average = 0.381). Based on PDRB non oil-gas if we exclude Palembang (IW average = 0.300), then inequality tend to decrease compare to if we include Palembang (IW average = 0.338). Inequality intersection based on PDRB oil-gas, if we include all sector, the inequality is relatively low (IW average = 0.433) or IW under 0.5. However, without farming sector the inequality tend to increase (IW average = 0.639), but without industry sector the inequality tend to decrease (IW average = 0.350). Based on PDRB non oil-gas, by including all sectors, then the condition tend to equal (IW average = 0.342). But without farming sector the inequality tend to increase (IW average = 0.762) and tend to decrease if we exclude the industry sector (IW average = 0.327) During 2002-2007 based on PDRB oil-gas, the inequality intra regency by excluding Palembang (IW average = 0.684) is not quite difference, if we index by including Palembang (IW average = 0.630). But on PDRB non oil-gas, if we exclude Palembang (IW average = 0.267), then inequality tend to decrease compare to if we include Palembang (IW average = 0.397). Inequality intersection based on PDRB oil-gas, if we include all sector, the inequality is relatively high (IW average = 0.63) because IW value is over 0.5. However, without farming sector or industry sector the inequality tend to increase (IW average = 0.639), but without industry sector the inequality tend to decrease (IW average = 0.791 and 0.706). Based on PDRB non oil-gas, by including all sectors, then the condition tend to low (IW average = 0.35), because IW value under 0.5. But without farming sector the inequality tend to increase (IW average = 0.619) and tend to decrease if we exclude the industry sector. If Klassen Typology relates to the number of poverty, there is the adequate level for Palembang, which is in the second quadrant and the position ranking the number of poverty is fourteenth (The lowest). OKU in the second quadrant and the number of poverty is ninth. Muara Enim is third quadrant and the position is seventh. In Fourth quadrant that are OKI in fourth position, Lahat in second position, Musi Rawas in first position, Banyuasin in sixth position and Ogan Ilir in fifth position. An in the extreme quadrant that are Muba, Prabumulih, OKU Selatan, Pagar Alam dan Lubuk Linggau. Key words: Inequality, economic growth, income per-capita and the number of poverty

    Item Type: Book
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Dr Azwardi, M.Si
    Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2014 18:38
    Last Modified: 22 Apr 2014 18:38
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/4176

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