THE ROLE OF OLD URBAN STRUCTURE IN PREVENTING THE OLD HISTORICAL AREA FROM FIRE DISASTER

Anwar, Widya Fransiska Febriati and Said, Ismail (2009) THE ROLE OF OLD URBAN STRUCTURE IN PREVENTING THE OLD HISTORICAL AREA FROM FIRE DISASTER. In: 10th International Seminar on Environment and Architecture , 26-27 Oktober 2009, FT Universitas Sam Ratulang.

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    Abstract

    This paper presents a study on potentials of old buildings in historical areas of Palembang in accommodating the effort of fire protection environmental system. The historical setting was a riverside development of Musi River. It has a high building density with a declining living quality, this was considered by the municipality as a slump. The crowded condition turns it to be high risk from the fire hazard. The study was begun by exploring the existing conditions of old buildings including their current use and physical characteristics. Then it sorted government policy and perception of people on fire prevention effort through field survey and in-depth interview. Two types of analyses were conducted: architecture and fire protection. In the architectural analysis, it discussed the urban structure, building and landscape, while the fire protection analysis utilized the SWOT analysis, hazard mapping analysis, and evacuation analysis. The results show that some of old urban elements in the slump have potentials to be developed as elements for supporting environmental fire protection system. It also shows that community squares between the old buildings were potential for assembling point or as preparation point for active and passive protections. The study recommends that streets should be widened in order to give access for fire engine or fireman. And, narrow pathways which cannot be the accessed by the fire engine should be redesigned and equipped with fire hydrants. The study also suggests that the squares should be supported by greenery as natural firewall. Finally, the residents in the community must be trained in order to increase their awareness of fire hazards and its procedure to overcome the fire

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: fire protections system, green barrier, greenery, historical area
    Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Architecture Engineering
    Depositing User: PhD Widya Fransiska Febriati Anwar
    Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2014 11:05
    Last Modified: 04 Apr 2014 11:05
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/3968

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