Community Analysis in ESP ( English for Specific Purposes)

Hambali, Muslih (2009) Community Analysis in ESP ( English for Specific Purposes). Forum Kependidikan, 29 (1). pp. 66-73. ISSN 0215-9392

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      This paper is aimed to briefly discuss the use of community analysis in relation to course design of English for Specific Purposes (ESP). Community of ESP refers to the English users with different background of disciplines and needs. The needs and wishes of ESP users and potential users are important to ESP design program. There are three basic elements that are involved in the discussion of community analysis of ESP: type of users, users’ needs, and material selection. The three branches of ESP, English for Science and Technology (EST), English for Business and Economics (ESE), and English for Social Sciences, (ESS), could determine the type of users. A secretary for example, is an ESP user belonging to the branch of ESE, in which, she is specifically included in EOP, English for Occupational Purposes. The type of users will then determine what the target needs of English to achieve are. The target needs of English usually reflect what type of language skill or language component to be given to learners. Someone becoming a secretary for example, might focus on more writing and speaking skill for her learning English. This is due to the fact that her job is very much related to writing and answering letters, making appointments, etc. Furthermore, the selection of materials is also one of the major considerations in the process of course design of ESP. When types of users and their needs have been identified, the selection of materials should carefully be made. The ESP materials must reflect what the target needs of learners are. Gathering information on type of users, needs, and materials selection is an essential part of community analysis in ESP

      Item Type: Article
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Community analysis,English for Specific Purposes,type of users,users’ needs,materials selection
      Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
      Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Science Education > Department of Language and Arts Education > English Language Education
      Depositing User: Rudi Kule
      Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2013 17:19
      Last Modified: 02 Oct 2013 17:19

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