DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ SPATIAL ABILITY THROUGH SPATIAL VISUALISATION AND SPATIAL ORIENTATION TASKS

Risma, Dwi Afrini and van Eerde, Dolly and Abel, Mieke and Indra Putri, Ratu Ilma (2013) DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ SPATIAL ABILITY THROUGH SPATIAL VISUALISATION AND SPATIAL ORIENTATION TASKS. In: Zulkardi(Eds). The First South East Asia Design/ Development Research (SEA-DR) International Conference, April 22nd-23rd, 2013, Unsri, Palembang.

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    Abstract

    Spatial ability is an important skill that student need to have. Educators need to recognize that acquiring a range of spatial skills is important for all pupils or students; both for their educational or occupational success and for their everyday competence. Skills such as estimating, geometry, measurement, map-reading and simple drawing are some of the mathematics ideas behind this topic. Considering the importance of this aspect, the development of students’ spatial ability can no longer be ignored. In order to to support the development of students’ spatial ability, in present study we design a series of learning activities that is combining the spatial visualisation and spatial orientation tasks. This present study is aimed to develop a local instructional theory in this domain and to support the development of students’ spatial ability. Consequently, design research is chosen as an appropriate approach for achieving the research aim. In addition, Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI) which was adapted from Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) was deliberately chosen as the approach in the teaching-learning process in the classroom. To conjecture what will happen in the classroom, the Hypothetical Leaning Trajectory was designed which consists of mathematical goals, starting points, mathematical activities, and the hypothetical paths of students’ thinking. The research which involved 3 students of 3rd grade of SD Negeri 117 Palembang found that by experiencing working on some spatial visualisation and spatial orientation tasks such as: the activities of constructing the building, drawing, and analyzing two-dimensional shapes, students understand attributes and properties of two-dimensional space and the use of those attributes in solving some spatial problems. Keywords: Spatial ability, spatial visualisation, spatial orientation, two-dimensional drawing, three-dimensional drawing

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Science Education > Department of Mathematics and Sciences Education > Mathematics Education
    Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Zulkardi MIKomp.,MSc.
    Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 13:20
    Last Modified: 22 Jul 2013 13:20
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/2410

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