MEMPELAJARI PROSES PENYULINGAN MINYAK NILAM MELALUI DELIGNIFIKASI DAUN

Nasruddin, Nasruddin and Priyanto, Gatot and Hamzah, Basuni (2005) MEMPELAJARI PROSES PENYULINGAN MINYAK NILAM MELALUI DELIGNIFIKASI DAUN. Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan, 16 (3). pp. 247-253. ISSN 0216-2318

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    Abstract

    Research was objected to determine the effect of patchouli leaves preparation on the distillatian efficiency and quaiity of patchouli oil. The patchouli leaves (Pogostemon cablin Benth) were taken from Pandan Dulang Village Muara Enim. It was separated from the stems and dried until maximum moisture cantent of 15%. Experiment was conducted in two replications based on these treatments, i.e delignificatton temperatures (55 C and 80 C) and fermentation time (2, 4. 6, 8 days). NaOH solution (0.25%) was used for delignificatian. The distillatian process was conducted at 100 C and ambient pressure environment. Patchoulin oil quality was expressed as serveral parameter such as ester number, acid number and spesific gravity. Ihe results showed that increasaing of fermentation time is followed by deceasing of patchouly oil quality. Deliqnification at 55 C for 6 days was identified as the treatment praduced the highest efficiency process whlch about 2.34% (w/w) of patchouli oil that could be extracted and showed speciftc gravity 0.959, acid number 0.761 and ester number 4.561 All patchouli oil produced using treatment of fermentation time were in the range of physico-chemical quality standart of patchouli oil given by SNI no. 06-2385-1991

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: patchouli leaves, delignification, fermentation
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Agricultural Technology
    Depositing User: Dr. Gatot Priyanto
    Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 12:44
    Last Modified: 16 May 2013 12:44
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/2141

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