Young Muslim Leaders Confront the AIDS Pandemic in Indonesia

Usman, Najmah (2011) Young Muslim Leaders Confront the AIDS Pandemic in Indonesia. In: International Academy for Intercultural Research, Singapore.

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      HIV/AIDS has become a major international public-health problem. Based on reports from the World Health Organisation (WHO) and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the estimated number of people living with HIV was approximately 33 million worldwide at the end of 2007 (1, 2). New cases of HIV infection and mortality due to AIDS were predicted to reach about 2.7 million and 2 million respectively, including 270,000 children, in the same year(1, 2). Furthermore, 25 million people have died from AIDS globally since the beginning of the HIV epidemic in 1981(1). In Asia, it is estimated about 5 million (4,1-6,2 million) people were living with HIV in 2008 Of the Southeast Asian nations, Indonesia has the highest number of cases. In Indonesia, which has the largest Muslim population in the world, the prevalence of HIV in high risk groups is alarming. The prevalence of HIV is estimated to be 43-56 % among injecting drug users, 6-16 % among female sex workers, 16-39 % among transgender groups, and 2- 8 % among homosexuals (men who have sex with men) in Indonesia (3). One of the most effective means of transmitting HIV and other blood borne viruses (BBVs) is the shared use of drug injecting equipment and drug preparation (4-6). According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), once the virus is introduced into an injecting drug using (IDU) community, the prevalence of HIV can increase by up to 90 % in less than two years (7). Intravenous injection is the most efficient route of drug administration because it produces the strongest drug effect at the lowest cost (5). Aceijas et al (8) suggest that IDUs account for 10 % of HIV cases worldwide and are driving the epidemic in some countries, including Indonesia. Moreover, other high risk groups, including sex workers, homosexual and sexually active transgender groups, are also responsible for the spread of HIV/AIDS and other sexually trasmitted diseases(3).

      Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Young Muslim Leaders in fighting the spread of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia
      Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
      R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
      Divisions: Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
      Depositing User: Candra Setiawan
      Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2012 13:44
      Last Modified: 28 Jan 2012 13:53

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