Environmental Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil in Indonesia

Haryati, Sri Environmental Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil in Indonesia. International Conference Proceedings of PSRC.

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    Abstract

    Biodiesel is an alternative to conventional diesel fuel and is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils and animal fats. vegetable oils-based biodiesels can produced by transesterification process. From all of the biodiesel feedstocks, palm oil is the potential candidate. The objective of this study is to investigate the environmental impact of biodiesel production from palm oil in Indonesia using life cycle assessment methodology. The function unit of this study is 1 ton biodiesel. The main contributor of global warming potential is the use of fertilizers and herbicides in the plantation stage contributing 53%. Co-products from palm oil process can be used for energy in the mill. Electricity grid mix which relies mostly on coal fired power plants. The biodiesel production stage was the main contributor for photochemical oxidation impact. Transportation also has significant contribution to the environmental impacts.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
    Depositing User: Budi Santoso
    Date Deposited: 01 May 2013 14:37
    Last Modified: 01 May 2013 14:37
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/2021

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