Effects of Temperature and Natural Zeolite/Spirituous Ratio to the Yield of Gasoline from Spirituous at Two Stages Fixed Bed Reactor Using Iron Sulfate as the Catalyst

Haryati, Sri Effects of Temperature and Natural Zeolite/Spirituous Ratio to the Yield of Gasoline from Spirituous at Two Stages Fixed Bed Reactor Using Iron Sulfate as the Catalyst. International Conference on Energy Security and Climate Change: Issues, Strategies, and Options (ESCC 2008).

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    Abstract

    Generally, gasoline is produced abundantly from crude petroleum refinery. Its compound contains paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics which the amount of carbon atoms from C4 to C11. The decreasing of petroleum reservoirs will influence the gasoline reservoirs as the famous fuel so the synthetic gasoline with high quality is needed to obstruct the rate of crude petroleum exploration in Indonesia. The objective of this research is how to produce gasoline from bagasse as the alternative fuel using iron sulfate as the catalyst at proper temperature. Reaction process occurred in the fixed bed reactor with two zones, first zone was thermal cracking and the second one is catalytic cracking. The effect of various temperature from 2000C to 3000C and effect of methanol concentration as the solvent varied from 10% to 30% were observed in this research while it occurred at constant solvent volume, mass of bagasse, and mass of catalyst. The gasoline product of this research has better characteristic than conventional gasoline from Pertamina with octane number 90 and heating value 19,872 Btu/lb while the highest yield was obtained at temperature 2500C, solvent concentration 20% for 100 minutes. The gasoline was analyzed in Laboratory of Pertamina UP III Plaju, Palembang – South Sumatera, Indonesia.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
    Depositing User: Budi Santoso
    Date Deposited: 01 May 2013 14:37
    Last Modified: 01 May 2013 14:37
    URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/2020

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