Study on Distillation Process of Patchouli Oil Through Delignification

Nasruddin, Nasruddin and Priyanto, Priyanto and Hamzah, Basuni (2005) Study on Distillation Process of Patchouli Oil Through Delignification. Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan, 15 (3). ISSN 0216-2318 (In Press)

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      Abstract

      Research was objected to determine the effect of patchouli leaves preparation on the distillation efficiency and quality of patchouli oil. The patchouli leaves (Pogostemon cablin Benth) were taken from Pandan Dulang village, Muara Enim. It was separated from the stems and dried until maximum moisture content of 15%. Experiment was conducted in two replications base on these treatments, i.e. delignification temperatures (55 oC, 80 oC) and fermentation time (2, 4, 6, 8 days). NaOH solution (0.25%)was used for delignification. The distillation process was conducted at 100 +2 oC and ambient pressure environment. Patchouli oil quality was expressed as several parameter such as ester numbers, acid numbers, and specific gravity. The results showed that increasing of fermentation time is followed by decreasing of the patchouli oil quality. Delignification at 59 oC for 6 days was indentified as the treatment produced the highest efficiency process which about 2.346% (w/w) of patchouli oil that could be extracted and showed specific gravity 0.959, acid number 0.761 and ester number 4.561. All patchouli oil produced using the treatment of fermentation time were in the range of physico-chemical quality standard of patchouli oil given by SNI no. 06-2385-1991

      Item Type: Article
      Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
      Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Agriculture Product Technology
      Depositing User: Basuni Hamzah
      Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2014 11:09
      Last Modified: 22 Oct 2014 11:09
      URI: http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/1992

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